Blacksmith Forge

 

 

 In the period before 1910 there was a blacksmith's shop associated with a farmhouse on land adjoining Howell Farm on Valley Road. A person of great skill worked in the blacksmith shop. Blacksmiths had studied metal craft and could shape iron into tools, horseshoes and wagon-wheel rims.

The first thing you need for ironwork is a forge: a plateau with a sunken trough in which a coal fire is kept alight. The bottom of the trough contains a hole through which ash and slag can be discharged. Low down in the trough there are also holes through which oxygen is added, so that the fire remains hot, a bellow is used for this. A water trough is located next to the plateau. Nearby there is an anvil, a strong lump of iron with a flat surface and a round tapered point around which iron can be hammered.  A blacksmith uses hammers in all shapes and weights in order to forge hot iron into the required shape. A blacksmith also uses many different types of tongs for holding the hot iron. A blacksmith often forges the hammers and tongs he needs himself. Thick leather gloves are also necessary to protect your hands.

 

 

 

 

 
 
Howell Farm is owned by the County of Mercer and operated by the Mercer County Park Commission with the support and assistance of The Friends of Howell Living History Farm. The farm is an educational facility open to the public that preserves and interprets farming life and processes from the era of 1890-1910. Howell Farm is a proud member of the Association for Living History, Farm and Agricultural Museums (ALHFAM).

This website is a project of The Friends of Howell Living History Farm and the text and graphic contents of this website are © 2017  by The Friends of Howell Living History Farm.

Howell Farm is located at - 70 Woodens Ln.   Lambertville, NJ 08530

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