Maple Sugaring    February – March

What is sap and why is it in the tree? Can you tap any tree to make syrup? Learn to identify and tap a sugar maple, then help collect sap. Visit the sugar shack where the sap is boiled down into syrup. Make pancakes with Howell Farm whole wheat flour and top them with Howell Farm maple syrup. Don’t forget to saw and split wood to fuel the transformation of sap to syrup!

Program Objectives: 

Students will participate in the Maple Sugaring Process in order to understand:

  • What sap is and why trees are only tapped in late winter/early spring
  • How evaporation turns sap into maple syrup or maple sugar
  • Why Sugar Maples make the best sap for syrup
  • How people use natural resources to meet their needs


Essential Questions:

  • How can you identify trees without looking at the leaves?
  • What is sap made from and why is it in the tree?
  • How does boiling turn maple sap into maple syrup?
  • How does a wedge help you split firewood?
  • Did farmers in 1900 produce everything they used in their  kitchen or did they go to a store?


STEM Standards

Next Generation Science Standards: LS1.A Structure and Function LS1.C Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms LS2.B Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems PS3.B Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer PS3.D Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life NJ Science Standards: 5.1A Understand Scientific Explanations 5.1B Generate Scientific Evidence Through Active Investigations 5.2B Changes in Matter 5.2E Forces and Motion 5.3B Matter and Energy Transformations NJ Social Studies Standards: 6.1B Geography, People and the Environment 6.1C Economics, Innovation and Technology 6.1D History, Culture and Perspectives

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